Managing Children’s Screen Time: Striking a Balance in the Digital Age

Managing Children's Screen Time: Striking a Balance in the Digital Age

In today’s digital era, screens have become an inseparable part of our daily lives, and children are no exception. From smartphones and tablets to computers and televisions, screens surround children at every turn. While technology brings immense benefits and opportunities for learning, excessive screen time can have significant impacts on a child’s physical, psychological, and emotional well-being. As parents, it is crucial to strike a balance and manage our children’s screen time effectively. In this blog, we will explore the potential consequences of too much screen time, the risk of screen addiction and behavioural issues, and provide recommendations for screen time based on different age groups.

The Impacts of Too Much Screen Time:

  1. Physical Health Concerns: Extended screen use often leads to a sedentary lifestyle, which may contribute to obesity and related health issues. Prolonged screen exposure, especially with inadequate lighting and posture, can cause eye strain, headaches, and disrupted sleep patterns.
  2. Social and Emotional Development: Excessive screen time can hinder a child’s ability to develop crucial social skills. Reduced face-to-face interactions may lead to difficulties in understanding non-verbal cues and empathising with others, potentially affecting their emotional intelligence.
  3. Cognitive Development: Constant exposure to screens can interfere with a child’s attention span and cognitive development. Rapidly shifting images and stimuli may hinder their ability to concentrate and process information effectively.
  4. Academic Performance: Heavy screen use may negatively impact a child’s academic performance. Too much time spent on screens can result in decreased study hours, reduced reading habits, and an overall decline in academic motivation.

Screen Addiction and Behavioural Issues:

  1. Digital Dependency: Children who spend excessive amounts of time on screens are at risk of developing screen addiction. This behavioural pattern leads to a compulsive need to be constantly connected to devices, causing withdrawal symptoms when unable to access screens.
  2. Aggression and Irritability: Research has shown a correlation between increased screen time and a rise in aggressive and irritable behaviour in children. Exposure to violent or inappropriate content can also contribute to aggressive tendencies.
  3. Sleep Disturbances: The blue light emitted by screens interferes with the production of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep. Excessive screen use, particularly before bedtime, can lead to difficulties falling asleep and staying asleep, resulting in inadequate rest.
  4. Poor Time Management: Children addicted to screens may struggle with time management skills, prioritising digital activities over essential tasks like homework, chores, and extracurricular activities.

Recommendations for Screen Time:

As parents, it is crucial to set appropriate limits on screen time for our children. However, these recommendations are not meant to be rigid rules but rather guidelines to promote a balanced approach to technology use. Here are screen time recommendations based on different age groups:

  1. Toddlers (1 to 2 years old):
    • Avoid screen time for children under 18 months, except for video chatting with family and friends.
    • Introduce high-quality educational content in short increments (up to 30 minutes) for 2-year-olds.
  2. Preschoolers (3 to 5 years old):
    • Limit screen time to 1 hour per day of high-quality educational programming.
    • Engage in co-viewing with your child, discussing the content and its relevance.
  3. Early Elementary (6 to 9 years old):
    • Restrict screen time to 1 to 1.5 hours per day, with a focus on educational and age-appropriate content.
    • Encourage physical activities, hobbies, and outdoor play as alternatives to screen time.
  4. Preteens and Teens (10 to 18 years old):
    • Set consistent limits on recreational screen time, with a maximum of 2 hours per day.
    • Promote a healthy balance of screen time by encouraging extracurricular activities, reading, and social interactions.

Tips for Managing Screen Time Effectively:

  1. Lead by Example: As parents, be role models for responsible screen use. Demonstrate healthy boundaries and minimise excessive screen time yourself.
  2. Create Tech-Free Zones: Designate specific areas at home, such as the dining table and bedrooms, as tech-free zones to encourage face-to-face communication and quality family time.
  3. Encourage Outdoor Activities: Foster a love for nature and physical activities by engaging in outdoor play and exploration as a family.
  4. Establish Screen-Free Times: Implement screen-free times during meals, at least one hour before bedtime, and during homework hours to improve focus and family bonding.
  5. Use Parental Controls: Utilise parental control tools and apps to monitor and limit your child’s screen time, ensuring they access age-appropriate content.
  6. Encourage Hobbies and Interests: Support your child in discovering and pursuing hobbies and interests beyond screens, such as sports, arts, or music.


In the digital age, managing children’s screen time is one of the most significant challenges parents faces.

While screens offer numerous educational and recreational opportunities, too much exposure can have adverse effects on a child’s physical health, emotional well-being, and social development. By setting appropriate limits and encouraging a healthy balance between screen time and other activities, parents can ensure their children grow into well-rounded individuals who can navigate the digital world responsibly while enjoying the richness of the real world. Remember, it’s not about eliminating screens entirely, but rather finding a harmonious equilibrium that fosters healthy growth and development.

Finding trouble between balancing screens and other activities?

We can help you find a routine that is easy and doesn’t require extra effort to work! Please download our referral form here and take it with you to your GP appointment for preparation of a referral. Contact us now via telephone or online enquiry via to book.

Please download our referral form here and take it with you to your GP appointment for preparation of a referral. Contact us now via telephone or online enquiry via to book. We will guide you through the process of finding the right psychologist for you and help you schedule a convenient appointment time. We can help you make a routine that works for you and your family!

Reach out to us today:

Coomera – (07) 5551 0251

Nerang – (07) 5668 3490

Mount Gravatt – (07) 3106 3122

If you, or someone you know, require help, please reach out to organisations like Beyond Blue. Additionally reach out to these organisations that may be able to help.

  • ReachOut (youth mental health service) — online help
  • SANE Australia — call 1800 187 263
  • Mental Illness Fellowship of Australia (MIFA) — call 1800 985 944
  • LifeLine 13 11 14 — for anyone in crisis

(Health Direct, 2020).

If this is an emergency, please contact 000 or visit your local emergency department.

Disclaimer: Content on this website is provided for education and information purposes only and is not intended to replace advise from your doctor or registered health professional. Readers are urged to consult their registered practitioner for diagnosis and treatment for their medical concerns.

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